"Yang Lain" Dalam Pemikiran Levinas dan Ricoeur Terkait Prinsip Hidup Bermasyarakat


  • John C. Simon Sekolah Tinggi Teologi di Indonesia Bagian Timur (INTIM)




Levinas, Ricouer, asymmetrical, symmetrical, political theology, communalism, Pancasila


Levinas and Ricoeur share a concerted attention for the Other. Each bases his thought upon the understanding that philosophy ought primarily be construed as ethics, with a political dimension able to transform life unto justice. However, each also approaches the task of justice differently. Levinas adopts an asymmetric ethic that I should do justice to the poor, the stranger, the marginalized and the orphaned, yet without expecting anything in return. For him, such responsibility precedes one’s being. On the other hand, Ricoeur adopts a symmetrical and reciprocal ethics, where the praxis of a good and just life resembled collaboration, where each person contributes ideas and efforts to promote that very same good and just life. Ricoeur likewise sounds an ethical call for justice within institutions, such as the nation-state that becomes a vehicle for collaborate efforts toward justice. Asymmetrical as well as symmetrical ethical callings signal equally vital elements for the construction of a contextual political theology in Indonesia. This article highlights two crucial themes in fair economic behavior and religiously based communalism. Within the frame of a democratic nation-state, the communalistic nature of Pancasila can serve as a means for political theologizing that shifts the orientation from center to periphery.


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Author Biography

John C. Simon, Sekolah Tinggi Teologi di Indonesia Bagian Timur (INTIM)

John C. Simon is a pastor at Gereja Protestan di Indonesia bagian Barat (GPIB) and a faculty member of Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Indonesia Timur (Intim), Makassar. His latest publications are Teologi Publik: Narasi Ideologi, Kekuasaan dan Agama (Yogyakarta: PT. Kanisius & STT Intim, 2018); “Islamic Christology According to Mahmoud Mustafa Ayoub And It’s Meeting Point with Christian Christopraxis,” Indonesian Journal of Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies (IJIIS), Vol. 1, No. 2, (2019): 165-194. He manages the Center for Religious and Philosophy Studies (CRPS) and G-Studies.


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How to Cite

Simon, J. C. (2018). "Yang Lain" Dalam Pemikiran Levinas dan Ricoeur Terkait Prinsip Hidup Bermasyarakat. Indonesian Journal of Theology, 6(2), 138-162. https://doi.org/10.46567/ijt.v6i2.10