Teologi, Studi Biblika, dan Misi


  • Ailsa Barker Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Injili Indonesia




missional, hermeneutics, missio Dei, mission, Scripture, theology, context, story, community, church


Missional hermeneutics is the interpretation of Scripture as it relates to the missionary task of the church. Four elements comprise a missional hermeneutics: 1) the missional trajectory of the biblical story being the foremost element, which also underlies the other three, 2) a narrative throughout Scripture centered on Christ and intended to equip the people of God for their missional task, 3) the missional context of the reader, in which attention moves from the task of equipping to the community being equipped, a community that is active, and 4) a missional engagement with culture and the implications thereof. Through the life of God’s people an alternative is offered, together with an invitation to come and join. Because the separation of theology from the mission of the church has distorted theology, all theology needs to be reformulated from the perspective of missio Dei and from the realization that the church is a sent community, missional in its very being. A missional hermeneutics bears implications upon the congregation, worship, preaching, discipleship, education, ministerial training, and the missionary task in multicultural contexts.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Ailsa Barker, Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Injili Indonesia

Dr. Ailsa Barker, originally from New Zealand, came to Indonesia in 1974 sponsored by Gereja Methodist Indonesia as a lecturer on Internal Medicine at Universitas Methodist Indonesia. From 1980 to 1987 she worked as an internist at HKBP hospital, Balige. She returned to New Zealand and finished a bachelor's degree in Theology (Hons) from Otago University. Since 1991 she worked at Klinik Katamso, Medan, and between 1996 to 2015 she taught Missiology at STT GMI, Bandar Baru. After graduated from a doctorate program (STTII, Yogyakarta), she became a lecturer on Missiology for the graduate program at STTII Medan, STT Paulus, and STT Sumatera Utara, while doing ministry in inter-cultural mission and ministry. She married Dr. Hardi Wirawan, has two daughters and three grandchildren. 


Barram, Michael. “Located Questions for a Missional Hermeneutic.” Accessed April 29, 2016. Http://gocn.org.

_______. “The Bible, Missions and Social Location: Toward a Missional Hermeneutic” Interpretation, Vol. 61, No. 1 (2007): 42–58.

Bartholomew, Crag G., and Michael W. Goheen. The Drama of Scripture: Finding Our Place in the Biblical Story. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2004.

Bauckham, Richard. The Bible and Mission: Christian Mission in a Postmodern World. Carlisle: Paternoster, 2003.

Boersema, Jan A., Henk Venema, Yoel Indrasmoro, eds. Berteologi Abad XXI: Menjadi Kristen Indonesia di Tengah Masyarakat Majemuk. Jakarta: Perkantas, 2015.

Bosch, David J. Transformasi Misi Kristen: Sejarah Teologi Misi Yang Mengubah dan Berubah. Jakarta: Gunung Mulia, 1997.

Brownson, James V. “A Response at SBL to Hunsberger’s “Proposal.” Accessed April 29, 2016. www.gocn.org.

Brownson, James V. “Speaking the Truth in Love: Elements of a Missional Hermeneutic.” International Review of Mission, Vol. 83, No. 330 (1994): 479–504.

_______. “Speaking the Truth in Love: Elements of a Missional Hermeneutic.” In The Church between Gospel and Culture. Eds., George Hunsberger and Craig Van Gelder. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1996.

DeSilva, David A. Honor, Patronage, Kinship, Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2000.

deYoung, Kevin, and Greg Gilbert. What Is the Mission of the Church? Making Sense of Social Justice, Shalom and the Great Commission. Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2011.

Dumbrell, W. J. Covenant and Creation: A Theology of the Old Testament Covenants. Carlisle: Paternoster, 1984.

Dyrness, William. Agar Bumi Bersukacita. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2001.

Filbeck, David. Yes, God of the Gentiles Too: The Missionary Message of the Old Testament. Wheaton, IL: Billy Graham Center, 1994.

Flemming, Dean. Recovering the Full Mission of God: A Biblical Perspective on Being, Doing and Telling. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2013.

Georges, Jayson dan Mark D. Baker. Ministering in Honor-Shame Cultures: Biblical Foundations and Practical Essentials. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2016.

Goheen, Michael W. “Bible and Mission: Missiology and Biblical Scholarship in Dialogue.” In Christian Mission: Old Testament Foundations and New Testament Developments. Eds., Stanley E. Porter and Cynthia Long Westfall. McMaster New Testament Studies 1. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2010.

_______. “The Lasting Legacy of Lesslie Newbigin.” Accessed May 27, 2016. Qideas.org>articles>the-lasting-legacy.

_______. A Light to the Nations: The Missional Church and the Biblical Story. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2011.

_______. Introducing Christian Mission Today: Scripture, History and Issues. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2014.

_______. “Notes Toward a Framework for a Missional Hermeneutic” (26 November 2006). Accessed April 28, 2016. Http://gocn.org.

Guder, Darrel. “Missional Hermeneutics: The Missional Authority of Scripture.” Mission Focus: Annual Review, Vol. 15 (2007): 125–142.

Hiebert, Paul G. Anthropological Insights for Missionaries. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1985.

Hirsch, Alan, and Debra Hirsch. Untamed: Reactivating a Missional Form of Discipleship. Grand Rapids., MI: Baker Academic, 2010.

Howell, Don N. “Mission in Paul’s Epistles: Genesis, Pattern and Dynamics.” In Mission in the New Testament: An Evangelical Approach. Eds., William J. Larkin and Joel F. Williams. American Society of Missiology Series No.27. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1998.

Hunsberger, George R. “Mapping the Conversation.” Accessed April 29, 2016. Http://gocn.org/resources/newsletters/2009/01/gospeland-our-culture.

Hunsberger, George R. “Proposals for a Missional Hermeneutic.” Missiology, Vol. 39, No. 3 (2011): 309–321.

Kirk, J. Andrew. The Mission of Theology and Theology as Mission. Valley Forge: Trinity Press International, 1997.

_______. What Is Mission? Theological Explorations. London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1999.

Köstenberger, Andreas J., and Peter T. O’Brien, Salvation to the Ends of the Earth: A Biblical Theology of Mission. New Studies in Biblical Theology 11. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2001.

Köstenberger, Andreas J. The Missions of Jesus and the Disciples according to the Fourth Gospel. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1998.

Laing, Mark. “Missio Dei: Some Implications for the Church.” Missiology, Vol. 37, No. 1 (2009).

Lloyd-Sidle, Patricia, and Bonnie Sue Lewis, eds. Teaching Mission in a Global Context. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001.

Maitimoe, D. R. Pembangunan Jemaat Misioner (Jakarta: Institut Oikoumene Indonesia, Dewan Gereja-Gereja di Indonesia, 1978).

Malina, Bruce J. The New Testament World: Insights from Cultural Anthropology. Edisi revisi. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 1993.

McClung, L. Grant. “Theology and Strategy of Pentecostal Missions.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research (January, 1988): 1–6.

Mischke, Werner. The Global Gospel: Achieving Missional Impact in Our Multicultural World. Scottsdale: MissionONE Resources, 2015.

Moreau, A. Scott, Gary R. Corwin dan Gary B. McGee. Introducing World Missions. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2004.

Newbigin, Leslie. Injil dalam Masyarakat Majemuk. Jakarta: Gunung Mulia, 1993.

Newell, Marvin J. Crossing Cultures in Scripture. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2016.

Ott, Craig, Introduction to Encountering Theology of Mission. Eds., Craig Ott, Stephen J. Strauss, and Timothy C. Tennent. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2010.

Petersen, David G. “Maturity: The Goal of Mission.” In The Gospel to the Nations: Perspectives on Paul’s Mission. Eds., Peter Bolt and Mark Thompson. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2000.

Pocock, Michael, Gailyn van Rheenen, and Douglas McConnell. The Changing Face of World Missions: Engaging Contemporary Issues and Trends. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2005.

Robinson, Donald. “No Boasting over the Natural Branches: Gentile Circumspection in the Divine Economy.” In The Gospel to the Nations: Perspectives on Paul’s Mission. Eds., Peter Bolt and Mark Thompson. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2000.

Schnabel, Eckhard J. Early Christian Mission: Paul and the Early Church. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2004.

Schreiner, Thomas R. Paul Apostle of God’s Glory in Christ: A Pauline Theology. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2001.

Sills, M. David. “Paul and Contextualization.” In Paul’s Missionary Methods. Eds., Robert L. Plummer and John Mark Terry. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2012.

Silva, Moises. “The Truth of the Gospel: Paul’s Mission according to Galatians.” In The Gospel to the Nations: Perspectives on Paul’s Mission. Eds., Peter Bolt and Mark Thompson. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2000.

Singgih, Emanuel Gerrit. “Menuju Hermeneutik Kontekstual Indonesia: Menafsir Alkitab dengan Mengakui Peranan Sudut Pandang Penafsir.” Dalam Mengantisipasi Masa Depan. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2005.

_______. Berteologi dalam Konteks. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia; Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2000.

Sterche, Christopher C. “Paul’s Mission as the Mission of the Church.” In Paul’s Missionary Methods. Eds., Robert L. Plummer and John Mark Terry. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2012.

Stetzer, Ed., and Lizette Beard. “Paul and Church Planting.” In Paul’s Missionary Methods. Eds., Robert L. Plummer and John Mark Terry. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2012.

Tennent, Timothy C. Theology in the Context of World Christianity: How the Global Church Is Influencing the Way We Think About and Discuss Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2007.

Tennent, Timothy C. World Missions: A Trinitarian Missiolgy for the 21st Century. Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel, 2010.

Vanhoozer, Kevin J. “One Rule to Rule Them All?” In Globalizing Theology: Belief and Practice in an Era of World Christianity. Eds., Craig Ott and Harold A. Netland. 109– 115. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2006.

Wagner, J. Ross. Heralds of the Good News: Isaiah and Paul “In Concert” in the Letter to the Romans. Leiden : Brill, 2000.

Wiher, Hannes. Shame and Guilt: A Key to Cross-Cultural Ministry. Hamburg: Hanssler Verlag, 2006.

Woodberry, J. Dudley, Charles Van Engen dan Edgar J. Elliston, eds. Missiological Education for the 21st Century: The Book, the Circle and the Sandals. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1996.

Wright, Christoper J. H. The Mission of God: Unlocking the Bible’s Grand Narrative. Nottingham: Inter-Varsity, 2006.

_______. “Truth with a Mission - Reading All Scripture Missiologically.” In Text & Task: Scripture and Mission. Ed., Michael Parsons Bletchley. Milton: Paternoster, 2005.

_______. “Truth with a Mission: Reading All Scripture Missiologically.” SBJT, Vol. 15, No. 2 (2011)

_______. “Whose World? Whose Mission?” Accessed April 25, 2016. Https://innovistaireland.files.wordpress.com.

_______. Keselamatan Milik Allah Kita: Merayakan Kisah Utama Alkitab. Surabaya: Perkantas Jawa Timur, 2011.

_______. Misi Umat Allah: Sebuah Teologi Biblika Tentang Misi Gereja. Jakarta: Perkantas, 2011.

Wright, N. T. Simply Good News: Why the Gospel Is Good News and What Makes It Good. New York: HarperOne, 2015.

_______. The New Testament and the People of God. London: SPCK, 1992.


2017-07-30 — Updated on 2017-07-30

How to Cite

Barker, A. (2017). Teologi, Studi Biblika, dan Misi. Indonesian Journal of Theology, 5(1), 99-131. https://doi.org/10.46567/ijt.v5i1.36