Dua Tangan Allah Merangkul Semesta

Panentheisme dan Theenpanisme





perichoresis, two hands of God, creation, eschatology, incarnation, inhabitation, panentheism, theenpanism


This article proposes a Trinitarian imagination that demonstrates the embrace of the whole universe by the Son and the Holy Spirit, the two hands of God, through the creation and perfection of the universe. Both divine acts take place in the incarnation of the Son and the inhabitation of the Holy Spirit. The Trinitarian perichoretic principle also applies to the relationship between God and creation in such a way that, not only is the whole universe in the Son (panentheism), but so too the Holy Spirit permeates the whole universe (theenpanism). As a result, Christian theology offers a comforting pastoral message, namely, that the universe is never entirely separable from the loving communion of the Triune God.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Joas Adiprasetya, Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologi Jakarta

Joas Adiprasetya is a pastor at GKI Pondok Indah, Jakarta, and is sent as a faculty member of constructive theology at Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologi Jakarta. He is currently the Dean of Public Relations of the school.


Adiprasetya, Joas. An Imaginative Glimpse: The Trinity and Multiple Religious Participations. Princeton theological monograph series 198. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2013.

Athanasius. On the Incarnation: The Treatise: De Incarnatione Verbi Dei. Translated by a religious of CSMV. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1993.

Basil Agung. “Hexaemeron.” In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Vol. 8. Eds., Philip Schaff and Henry Wace, trans., Blomfield Jackson. Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing, 1895. http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/32012.htm.

Bracken, Joseph A. The World in the Trinity: Open-Ended Systems in Science and Religion. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2014.

Callen, Barry L. Discerning the Divine: God in Christian Theology. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2004.

Copan, Paul, and William Lane Craig. Creation out of Nothing: A Biblical, Philosophical, and Scientific Exploration. Leicester: Apollos, 2004.

Crisp, Oliver. Divinity and Humanity: The Incarnation Reconsidered. Current issues in theology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Cross, Frank L., and Elizabeth A. Livingstone, eds. “Panentheism.” The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Gregersen, Niels Henrik. “The Cross of Christ in an Evolutionary World.” Dialog, Vol. 40, No. 3 (2001): 192–207.

Irenaeus. “Against Heresies.” In Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. 1. Eds., Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson, and A. Cleveland Coxe, trans., Alexander Roberts and William Rambaut. Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing, 1885. http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/0103506.htm.

Jones, Serene, Paul Lakeland, and Workgroup on Constructive Christian Theology, eds. Constructive Theology: A Contemporary Approach to Classical Themes. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2005.

Keller, Catherine. Face of the Deep: A Theology of Becoming. London: Routledge, 2003.

Maloney, George A. The Cosmic Christ: From Paul to Teilhard. New York: Sheed & Ward, 1968.

Moltmann, Jürgen. God in Creation: A New Theology of Creation and the Spirit of God. The Gifford lectures 1984–1985. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1993.

_______. The Coming of God: Christian Eschatology. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1996.

_______. The Spirit of Life: A Universal Affirmation. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2001.

Neville, Robert C. God the Creator: On the Transcendence and Presence of God. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1992.

_______. Ultimates: Philosophical Theology, Vol. I. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2013.

Peters, Ted. “Models of God.” In Models of God and Alternative Ultimate Realities. Eds., Jeanine Diller and Asa Kasher, 43–62. Dordrecht: Springer, 2016.

Polkinghorne, J. C., ed. The Work of Love: Creation as Kenosis. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2001.

_______. The Faith of a Physicist: Reflections of a Bottom-up Thinker; the Gifford Lectures, 1993-1994. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2007.

Rahner, Karl. Foundations of Christian Faith: An Introduction to the Idea of Christianity. Trans., William V. Dych. New York: Crossroad, 1978.

Torrance, Alan J. “Creatio Ex Nihilo and the Spatio-Temporal Dimensions, with Special Reference to Jürgen Moltmann and D.C. Williams.” In The Doctrine of Creation: Essays in Dogmatics, History and Philosophy. Ed., Colin E. Gunton, 83–103. T & T Clark academic paperbacks. London: T & T Clark, 2004.

Wright, N. T. Paul and the Faithfulness of God: Christian Origins and the Question of God. Vol. 4, Book 2 = Vol. 4, Pt. 3/4: Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2013.

Yohanes Paulus II. “Dominum et Vivificantem: Encyclical on the Holy Spirit in the Life of the Church and the World,” 1986.

Yong, Amos. “Creatio Spiritus and the Spirit of Christ: Toward a Trinitarian Theology of Creation.” In Spirit of God: Christian Renewal in the Community of Faith. Ed., Jeffrey W. Barbeau, 168–182. Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2015.

Zizioulas, Jean. Lectures in Christian Dogmatics. Ed., Douglas H. Knight. London: T & T Clark, 2008.


2017-07-30 — Updated on 2017-07-30

How to Cite

Adiprasetya, J. (2017). Dua Tangan Allah Merangkul Semesta: Panentheisme dan Theenpanisme. Indonesian Journal of Theology, 5(1), 24-41. https://doi.org/10.46567/ijt.v5i1.33