Finding Balance and Harmony

Modernity, Food, and the Partaking of the Holy Communion by Converts from Chinese Religious Traditions in Singapore

Penulis

  • Benita Lim Fuller Theological Seminary

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46567/ijt.v9i1.172

Kata Kunci:

Perjamuan Kudus, Ekaristi, foodways, modernitas, tradisi-tradisi religius Cina, Cina dan biomedis, studi-studi interdisipliner, liturgi, Singapura

Abstrak

Ketika Kristianitas tiba di pantai Singapura tidak lama setelah penjajahan Inggris dimulai, para misionaris Barat memperkenalkan penafsiran mereka mengenai Perjamuan Kudus ke tanah dan ruang asing yang baru saja mengalami perjumpaan pertama dengan modernitas Barat. Hingga saat ini, gerakan modernitas terus berlanjut dalam memberikan dampak kepada salah satu elemen penting kehidupan yang kait-mengait dengan praktik-praktik religius dan kultural orang-orang setempat, yaitu makanan. Di antara proses modernisasi terkait makanan dan latar belakang agama primordial, orang-orang yang beralih agama dari tradisi-tradisi religius Cina ke Kristianitas kemudian menemukan diri mereka harus menjawab ketidakcocokan antara teologi-teologi Perjamuan Kudus Protestan Barat dengan filsafat-filsafat Cina terkait makanan. Bagaimana gereja-gereja di Singapura mulai merespons ketegangan-ketegangan yang muncul ketika dua sistem filsafat tersebut bertemu, dan juga ketika umat Kristen serta gereja-gereja tampak mengapropriasi teologi-teologi yang “sinkretistik” ke dalam laku liturgis mereka? Artikel ini merupakan sebuah upaya interdisipliner dengan cara menggunakan ilmu  sosial untuk mengeksplorasi proses modernisasi makanan di Singapura, sembari memeriksa keterhubungan antara filsafat-filsafat Cina tentang makanan dan tubuh untuk menjelaskan ketegangan-ketegangan yang dialami oleh orang-orang yang beralih agama dari tradisi-tradisi agama Cina, dan juga resistensi dari gereja-gereja lokal terhadap pandangan-pandangan Cina tentang ritual-ritual makanan dalam merayakan Perjamuan Kudus. Artikel ini juga akan secara singkat menyarankan bahwa studi-studi interdisipliner, termasuk studi liturgika, akan menjadi esensial dalam mengembangkan sebuah teologi tentang Perjamuan Kudus yang lebih kuat di antara gereja-gereja, dan dengan demikian memperkuat kesaksian gereja di dalam dan di luar dirinya.

Unduhan

Data unduhan belum tersedia.

Biografi Penulis

Benita Lim, Fuller Theological Seminary

Benita Lima saat ini adalah mahasiswi Ph.D. tahun kedua (Teologi dan Budaya) di Fuller Theological Seminary. Ia pernah melayani di pelbagai latar multi-budaya seperti pelayanan-pelayanan berbahasa Inggris, Mandarin, dan Asian American Indonesia di Singapura dan Amerika Serikat. Minat akademisnya terutama bidang liturgi, peribadahan, dan studi-studi interkultural.

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Diterbitkan

2021-08-12

Cara Mengutip

Lim, B. (2021). Finding Balance and Harmony: Modernity, Food, and the Partaking of the Holy Communion by Converts from Chinese Religious Traditions in Singapore. Indonesian Journal of Theology, 9(1), 41-61. https://doi.org/10.46567/ijt.v9i1.172