Ruang-ruang Keadilan bagi Sang Margin
Keywords:just space, injustice, the marginalized, parable of the workers in the vineyard, generosity, hospitality
This essay examines just space(s) from the perspective of Christian hospitality towards the marginalized. The focus for Letty Russell in her theology addresses those considered the ‘unfortunate’ or those victimized by the variegated visage of injustice (the ‘unfair’) as that face is set against ‘the outsiders’; Miroslav Volf focuses on the ‘other,’ as does Amos Yong concerning “the stranger.” Nevertheless, they use these three terms interchangeably. To build just space(s) for the marginalized, I intend to approach the justice discourse via two arguments: first, by claiming that every theory of justice derived philosophically tends to get trapped in matters of techno-calculation; second, by proposing the relevance of a theological approach for “patching” such philosophical shortcomings. Following the parable of the workers in the vineyard in Matthew 20:10-16, we see that a theological approach yields a conceptualization of generosity—as the commentaries of Michael Green show—thereby demonstrating the relevance of such theological praxis. As a study in Christian hospitality, this essay proposes several ethical tenets for the building of just space(s) as spaces for justice that take as their point of departure the very same marginalized toward whom these spaces are oriented.
Blomberg, Craig L. Interpreting the Parables. Leicester: Apollos, 1990.
Crossan, John Dominic. The Power of Parable: How Fiction by Jesus Became Fiction about Jesus. New York: HarperOne, 2012.
D’Costa, Gavin. Theology in the Public Square: Church, Academy, and Nation. Theology in the Public Square: Church, Academy, and Nation. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2008.
Graver, Margaret. “Epictetus.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2017. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/epictetus/.
Green, Michael. The Parable of Jesus: Picture of Revolution. London: David Wenham Hodder & Stoughton, 1989.
Harrington, Daniel J. Meeting St. Matthew Today: Understanding the Man, His Mission, and His Message. Chicago: Loyola Press, 2010.
Hultgren, Arland J. The Parables of Jesus. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2000.
Lebacqz, Karen. “Implications for a Theory of Justice.” In From Christ to the World Introductory Readings in Christian Ethics.Eds., Wayne G Boulton, Thomas D Kennedy, and Allen Verhey. Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans, 1994.
———. Justice in an Unjust World: Foundations for a Christian Approach to Justice. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2007.
———. Six Theories of Justice: Perspectives from Philosophical and Theological Ethics. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Publishing House, 1986.
Macintyre, Alasdair C. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1988.
Magnis-Suseno, Franz. 13 Tokoh Etika Abad Ke 20. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2000.
Niebuhr, Reinhold. Justice and Mercy. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1974.
———. Love and Justice: Selections from the Shorter Writings of Reinhold Niebuhr. Ed., D. B. Robertson. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1957.
Pohl, Christine D. Making Room: Recovering Hospitality as a Christian Tradition. Grand Rapids: William B. Eermans Publishing Company, 1999.
Russell, Letty M. Just Hospitality: God’s Welcome in a World of Difference. Eds., J Shannon-Clarkson and Kate M Ott. 1st ed. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2009.
Scopes, Wilfred. The Parables of Jesus and Their Meaning for the Indian Church Today. Diocesan Press, 1977.
Vasko, Elisabeth T. Beyond Apathy: A Theology for Bystanders. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2015.
Volf, Miroslav. Exclusion and Embrace: A Theological Exploration of Identity, Otherness, and Reconciliation. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1996.
Yong, Amos. Hospitality and the Other: Pentecost, Christian Practices, and the Neighbor. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2008.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Indonesian Journal of Theology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.